Intentionalist vs Functionalist | The Holocaust
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Interpretations of Nazi Germany - are you an intentionalist or a functionalist?
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Page 1 of 1. Go to first unread. Skip to page:. Report Thread starter 9 years ago 1. For those of you unaware, there is a huge historiographical debate about the origins of the Holocaust - when it was planned, how it came about and the reasons behind it. The debate can is summed up here by Christopher Browning -. In recent years the interpretations of National Socialism have polarized more and more into two groups that Tim Mason has aptly called Intentionalists and Functionalists. The former explain the development of Nazi Germany as a result of Hitler's intentions, which came out of a coherent and logical ideology and were realized due to an all-powerful totalitarian dictatorship.
The Functionalists point out the anarchistic character of the Nazi state, its internal rivalries and the chaotic process of decision-making, which constantly led to improvisation and radicalization These two modes of exposition of history are useful for the analysis of the strongly divergent meanings that people attribute to the Jewish policy of the Nazis in general and to the Final Solution in particular. On the one hand, Lucy Dawidowicz, a radical Intentionalist, upholds the viewpoint that already in Hitler had decided to exterminate European Jews.
And not only that: He knew at what point in time his murderous plan would be realized. The Second World War was at the same time the means and opportunity to put his war against the Jews into effect. While he waited for the anticipated moment for the realization of his great plan, naturally he tolerated a senseless and meaningless pluralism in the Jewish policies of the subordinate ranks of state and party.
It is Broszat's position that Hitler never took a definitive decision nor issued a general order for the Final Solution. The annihilation program developed in stages in conjunction with a series of isolated massacres at the end of and in These locally limited mass murders were improvised answers to an impossible situation that had developed as a result of two factors: First the ideological and political pressure for the creation of a Jew-free Europe that stemmed from Hitler and then the military reverses on the eastern front that led to stoppages in railway traffic and caused the buffer zones into which the Jews were to be removed to disappear.
Once the annihilation program was in progress, it gradually institutionalized itself until it was noticed that it offered the simplest solution logistically and became a program universally applied and single-mindedly pursued. From this standpoint, Hitler was a catalyst but not a decision-maker. For Lucy Dawidowicz the Final Solution was thought out twenty years before it was put into practice; for Martin Broszat the idea developed from practice of sporadic murders of groups of Jews led to the idea to kill all Jews systematically.
Not what you're looking for? Bagration Badges: Report 9 years ago 2. This was probably one of the least interesting subjects in A2 history that I studied. I think it was largely intentionalist with some important functionalist elements.
Report Thread starter 9 years ago 3. Original post by Bagration This was probably one of the least interesting subjects in A2 history that I studied. Report 9 years ago 4.
Make sure you never go to Austria Mr. Report Thread starter 9 years ago 5. Collingwood Badges: 1. Report 9 years ago 6. It's one of those debates in which some of the participants have made their mind up at the beginning on emotional grounds and will never change, others enter it with the intention of whipping up controversy for its own sake, and the whole thing goes round in circles because there isn't enough evidence to decide the matter anyway.
Report Thread starter 9 years ago 7. Original post by Collingwood It's one of those debates in which some of the participants have made their mind up at the beginning on emotional grounds and will never change,. Original post by Collingwood others enter it with the intention of whipping up controversy for its own sake,. Original post by Collingwood and the whole thing goes round in circles because there isn't enough evidence to decide the matter anyway. Report 9 years ago 8.
Report 9 years ago 9. Report Thread starter 9 years ago Thunder and Jazz Badges: Report 9 years ago Well, the idea came from the regional gauleiters and was merely rubber stamped by the leadership. Its only later that the big guns became more involved. I'd go with structuralist, though its not as black and white as that. ScienceGeeko Badges: 0. Report 5 years ago I've been reading about it pretty well non-stop for the past week and a half so I might be of some help. In his opening remarks at the Wannesee Conference, Heydrich said that he had been instructed to implement the Final Solution by the Reich Marshall - ie Goering.
Its roughly estimated that between million people died in Nazi concentration camps during the war: thats roughly 5 or 6 million jewish people and 5 or 7 million non-jewish.
Intentionalism vs functionalism holocaust essay papers
The question is, how did these non-jewish people die in the camps? Was there a planned extermination of these people as well? I remember having this discussion in class, and thought it odd that this question is not really looked into. When i ask the professor for evidence of a planned extermination of any kind, he said it didn't exist. That the nazis destroyed all of the evidence before the camps were liberated.
The obvious question was then obvious: if there is no evidence for planned extermination, and if million non jewish people died of disease and starvation in the camps, then what are you basing your claims of a planned extermination of the jewish prisoners on? Inquiring minds should not expect any rational debate on this subject however Upload or insert images from URL. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings , otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue. Search In.
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